Molecule FragmentationΒΆ

The OEMedChem TK currently provides four ways to partition a molecule into fragments:

These functions return an iterator over OEAtomBondSet objects that store the atoms and the bonds of the fragments.

The following examples (Listing 1, Listing 2) show how to fragment a molecule into ring and chain components. The code loops over the OEAtomBondSet objects returned by the OEGetRingChainFragments. Each OEAtomBondSet object is used to initialize an atom and a bond predicates. These predicates specify which atoms and bonds have to be considered when creating a subset of the molecule, i.e the fragment, when calling the OESubsetMol function. See the depiction of the input molecule and the generated fragments in Figure: Example of fragmentation.

Listing 1: Example of molecule fragmentation

from openeye import oechem
from openeye import oemedchem

mol = oechem.OEGraphMol()
oechem.OESmilesToMol(mol, "COc1ccc(cc1)CC(=O)N")

for frag in oemedchem.OEGetRingChainFragments(mol):
    fragatompred = oechem.OEIsAtomMember(frag.GetAtoms())
    fragbondpred = oechem.OEIsBondMember(frag.GetBonds())

    fragment = oechem.OEGraphMol()
    adjustHCount = True
    oechem.OESubsetMol(fragment, mol, fragatompred, fragbondpred, adjustHCount)
    print(oechem.OEMolToSmiles(fragment))

The output of Listing 1 is the following:

CO
c1ccccc1
CC(=O)N
../_images/Fragmentation.png

Example of fragmentation (A) input molecule (B) fragments returned by the OEGetRingChainFragments function

See also

The following example (Listing 2) shows how to fragment a molecule into ring and chain components with annotations. See the depiction of the input molecule and the generated fragments in Figure: Example of Bemis Murcko fragmentation.

Listing 2: Example of molecule fragmentation with annotations

from openeye import oechem
from openeye import oemedchem

mol = oechem.OEGraphMol()
oechem.OESmilesToMol(mol, "CCOc1ccc(cc1)CC(OC)c2ccccc2CC(=O)N")

adjustHCount = True
for frag in oemedchem.OEGetBemisMurcko(mol):
    fragment = oechem.OEGraphMol()
    oechem.OESubsetMol(fragment, mol, frag, adjustHCount)
    print(".".join(r.GetName() for r in frag.GetRoles()), oechem.OEMolToSmiles(fragment))

The output of Listing 2 is the following:

Framework c1ccc(cc1)CCc2ccccc2
Ring c1ccccc1.c1ccccc1
Linker CC
Sidechain CCO.CC(=O)N.CO
../_images/OEGetBemisMurcko.png

Example of Bemis Murcko fragmentation

The following example (Listing 3) shows how to fragment a molecule and include unsaturated hetero bonds on the main framework. See the depiction of the input molecule and the generated fragments in Figure: Example of custom Bemis Murcko fragmentation including heteroatoms.

Listing 3: Example of custom molecule fragmentation

from openeye import oechem
from openeye import oemedchem

mol = oechem.OEGraphMol()
oechem.OESmilesToMol(mol, "CCc1nc(nc(n1)OC)NC(=O)NS(=O)(=O)c2ccccc2OC")
options = oemedchem.OEBemisMurckoOptions()
options.SetUnsaturatedHeteroBonds(True)

adjustHCount = True
for frag in oemedchem.OEGetBemisMurcko(mol, options):
    fragment = oechem.OEGraphMol()
    oechem.OESubsetMol(fragment, mol, frag, adjustHCount)
    print(".".join(r.GetName() for r in frag.GetRoles()), oechem.OEMolToSmiles(fragment))

The output of Listing 3 is the following:

Framework c1ccc(cc1)S(=O)(=O)NC(=O)Nc2ncncn2
Ring c1ccccc1.c1ncncn1
Linker C(=O)(N)NS(=O)=O
Sidechain CC.CO.CO
../_images/OEGetBemisMurckoUnsatHetero.png

Example of Bemis Murcko fragmentation including unsaturated hetero bonds on main framework.

The following example (Listing 4) shows how to fragment a molecule and include custom sidechains on the main framework. See the depiction of the input molecule and the generated fragments in Figure: Example of custom Bemis Murcko fragmentation including custom substituents.

Listing 4: Example of custom molecule fragmentation

from openeye import oechem
from openeye import oemedchem

mol = oechem.OEGraphMol()
oechem.OESmilesToMol(mol, "CCc1nc(nc(n1)OC)NC(CC(=O)N)NS(=O)(=O)c2ccccc2CC(=O)N")
subsearch = oechem.OESubSearch()
subsearch.Init("[#6]-CC(=O)N")
options = oemedchem.OEBemisMurckoOptions()
options.SetSubstituentSearch(subsearch)

adjustHCount = True
for frag in oemedchem.OEGetBemisMurcko(mol, options):
    fragment = oechem.OEGraphMol()
    oechem.OESubsetMol(fragment, mol, frag, adjustHCount)
    print(".".join(r.GetName() for r in frag.GetRoles()), oechem.OEMolToSmiles(fragment))

The output of Listing 4 is the following:

Framework c1ccc(c(c1)CC(=O)N)[SH4]NC(CC(=O)N)Nc2ncncn2
Ring c1ccc(cc1)CC(=O)N.c1ncncn1
Linker C(C(N)N[SH5])C(=O)N
Sidechain CC.CO.O.O
../_images/OEGetBemisMurckoCustomSubsearch.png

Example of Bemis Murcko fragmentation including custom substituents on framework